Western Wonders: Bandhani and Patola Sarees from Gujarat and Rajasthan 


India is a land of diverse cultures and traditions, with each region contributing its unique flavours to the rich tapestry of Indian heritage. Two of the renowned sarees from the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan are Bandhani and Patola. These sarees are not just garments but also representations of tradition, artistry, and vibrant culture. The intricate designs and vibrant colours of Bandhani Sarees from Rajasthan and Gujarat, as well as exploring the craftsmanship behind Patola Sarees is fascinating and worth exploring.. Bandhani sarees are known for their distinctive tie-dye patterns that exude a rustic charm, while Patola sarees stand out with their double ikat weaving technique that demands precision and skill. Both types of sarees carry centuries-old legacies, symbolising the rich cultural heritage and intricate craftsmanship of their respective regions. As we journey through the history and making of these exquisite sarees, you'll discover why they continue to captivate fashion enthusiasts and traditionalists alike. We have often criticised a particular colour or imperfection in such sarees as it may not be as per our liking, but if we dive deep into the process of creating these sarees, we would end up accepting these imperfections and learn to appreciate it even more. 

The Tradition of Bandhani Sarees 

History and Origin 

Bandhani, also known as Bandhej, is an ancient form of textile dyeing in India, dating back to 4000 B.C. The word 'Bandhani' is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Bandh,' meaning to tie. This traditional technique involves tying small portions of fabric with threads and then dyeing them to create intricate patterns. The most famous examples of this art form are the Rajasthani Bandhani Sarees and Traditional Gujarati Sarees. The vibrant colours and detailed designs of Bandhani sarees reflect the rich cultural heritage of these regions, making them a favourite for festive occasions. Each Bandhani saree is a unique piece of art, showcasing the skill and creativity of the artisans.

The Making of Bandhani Sarees 

Creating a Bandhani saree is a meticulous process. The fabric, usually silk or cotton, is tied into tiny knots using threads. These knots resist the dye, creating beautiful patterns once the fabric is dyed. The process can involve multiple rounds of tying and dyeing to achieve the desired patterns and colours. Handcrafted Bandhani sarees are a testament to the skill and patience of the artisans. Each saree can take several weeks to months to complete, depending on the complexity of the design. 

Types of Bandhani Sarees 

  1. Leheriya: 

Leheriya, which translates to "waves," is a distinctive style of Bandhani that features diagonal or wave-like patterns. This type of Bandhani is particularly associated with Rajasthan and is traditionally worn during the monsoon season, symbolising the flowing water and lush greenery that come with the rains. The process of creating Leheriya involves rolling the fabric diagonally and tying it at intervals before dyeing, resulting in beautiful, undulating stripes that are both vibrant and mesmerising. The colours used in Leheriya are typically bright and cheerful, reflecting the festive spirit of the monsoon season.

  1. Shikari Bandhani: 

Shikari Bandhani is known for its intricate motifs of animals and birds, making it a favourite choice for weddings and special occasions. The term "Shikari" refers to a hunter, and this style often depicts scenes from nature and wildlife, reminiscent of hunting expeditions. The creation of Shikari Bandhani requires immense skill and precision, as artisans painstakingly tie thousands of tiny knots to form the detailed designs. This style is often crafted on luxurious fabrics like silk, enhancing its opulence and making it a cherished piece for bridal trousseau and festive wear. 

  1. Ekdali and Mothra Bandhani: 

Ekdali and Mothra are two popular styles of Bandhani known for their unique grid patterns, which are particularly favoured in Gujarat. Ekdali Bandhani features single-dot patterns arranged in a grid, creating a simple yet elegant design. Mothra, on the other hand, involves more complex patterns with clusters of dots forming intricate grids. These styles are often created on lightweight fabrics like cotton, making them ideal for everyday wear as well as festive occasions. The geometric precision and symmetry of Ekdali and Mothra Bandhani showcase the meticulous craftsmanship of Gujarati artisans, making these sarees a blend of tradition and contemporary appeal. 

Bandhani Sarees Online 

With the rise of e-commerce, buying Bandhani Sarees Online has become easier than ever. Various platforms offer a wide range of Designer Bandhani Sarees and Bandhani Silk Sarees that cater to different tastes and preferences. 

The Craftsmanship of Patola Sarees 

History and Origin 

Patola sarees are a stunning specialty from the western state of Gujarat, specifically originating from the historic town of Patan. Renowned for their intricate double ikat weaving technique, Patola sarees are celebrated as some of the most complex and beautiful textiles in India. The term "Patola" itself has become synonymous with

luxury and exquisite craftsmanship, often reserved for the most special occasions such as weddings and significant cultural events. The history of Patola weaving dates back to the 12th century when it was introduced to the region by the Salvi caste, who migrated from Maharashtra and Karnataka. The Salvi weavers brought with them their expertise in the intricate double ikat technique, which involves the precise and labour-intensive process of dyeing both the warp and the weft threads before they are woven together. This meticulous method ensures that the patterns on both sides of the fabric are identical, a hallmark of true Patola sarees.

The Making of Patola Sarees 

The process of making a Patola Saree is highly intricate and labour-intensive. It involves the dyeing of both warp and weft threads before they are woven together. This method ensures that the pattern is identical on both sides of the fabric. The entire process can take several months to complete, making Handwoven Patola Sarees a symbol of luxury and exclusivity. 

  Types of Patola Sarees 

  1. Rajkot Patola: Rajkot Patola sarees are celebrated for their vibrant colours and striking geometric patterns. Unlike their more complex counterpart, Patan Patola, Rajkot Patola utilises a single ikat weaving technique. In this method, only the warp threads are dyed with the desired pattern before weaving, making the process slightly less intricate but equally stunning. The result is a beautiful saree that showcases bold, vivid designs that are often geometric or abstract in nature. Rajkot Patola sarees are perfect for those who appreciate vibrant hues and contemporary patterns combined with traditional craftsmanship. The single ikat technique allows for a wide range of colour combinations, making each saree a unique piece of wearable art.

Patan Patola: Patan Patola sarees are the epitome of Patola craftsmanship, renowned for their intricate double ikat weaving technique. Originating from Patan, Gujarat, these sarees are known for their detailed and symmetrical motifs that are woven into both the warp and weft threads. The double ikat technique requires extreme precision, as the patterns on the threads must align perfectly when woven together. This painstaking process can take several months, resulting in a masterpiece that showcases vibrant colours and complex designs. Patan Patola sarees often feature traditional motifs such as flowers, elephants, parrots, and geometric patterns. They are highly valued for their durability, as the colours remain bright and vibrant for generations. Owning a Patan Patola saree is like possessing a piece of living history, as these sarees reflect the cultural and artistic heritage of Gujarat.

  1. Navratna Patola: Navratna Patola sarees are distinguished by their distinctive chequered patterns, often adorned with small, intricate motifs like flowers, animals, and other traditional symbols. The name "Navratna" refers to the nine gems, which are believed to bring good fortune and prosperity. These sarees are particularly popular during festive occasions and celebrations, as the chequered pattern symbolises balance and harmony. The motifs within the checks add an element of detailed artistry, making each Navratna Patola saree a unique creation. The weaving process involves both single and double ikat techniques, depending on the complexity of the design. Navratna Patola sarees are known for their vibrant colour combinations and meticulous detailing, making them a favourite among those who appreciate traditional Indian textiles with a modern twist. 

The Perfect Blend of Tradition and Modernity 

Both Bandhani and Patola sarees have evolved over time to cater to modern tastes while retaining their traditional essence. Today, you can find Designer Bandhani Sarees and Patola Silk Sarees that blend traditional craftsmanship with contemporary designs. This fusion makes them suitable for a variety of occasions, from traditional ceremonies to modern parties. 

Handcrafted Indian Textiles 

The art of Bandhani and Patola weaving is a testament to the rich tradition of Handcrafted Indian Textiles. These sarees are not just pieces of clothing but pieces of art that reflect the cultural heritage and craftsmanship of India. Owning a Handcrafted Bandhani Saree or a Handwoven Patola Saree is like owning a piece of Indian history. 

Sundari Sarees: Your One-Stop Destination 

For those looking to add these beautiful sarees to their collection, Sundari Sarees offers a wide range of options. Whether you are looking for Bandhani Sarees Online or Patola Sarees Online, Sundari Sarees has something for everyone. The store prides itself on offering high-quality, authentic sarees that are a perfect blend of tradition and modernity.


In conclusion, the rich tradition of Bandhani Sarees from Rajasthan and Gujarat and the exquisite craftsmanship of Patola Sarees from Gujarat are a testament to India’s vibrant cultural heritage. These sarees are not just garments but symbols of tradition, 

artistry, and elegance. Whether you are a saree connoisseur or a bride-to-be, these sarees are a must-have in your wardrobe. Explore the stunning collections at Sundari Sarees and add a touch of luxury and tradition to your attire.