Kashmir to Punjab: The Intricate Art of Pashmina, Kashmiri Embroidery and Phulkari Sarees 


Our Country India has a rich heritage of craftsmanship in Indian Handloom and Ethnic wear and each part of the country produces a different variety and uses different techniques for weaving sarees. Let's dive into the artistry of Pashmina Sarees from Kashmir and the exquisite Phulkari Sarees from Punjab. These sarees showcase the unique craftsmanship of their regions, distinguishing Indian Textile from others.

The History of Kashmiri Sarees 

The art of weaving Pashmina sarees began in the 15th century, thanks to the Persian saint Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani. He brought skilled artisans to Kashmir, teaching the locals weaving and embroidery techniques. This laid the foundation for Kashmir's flourishing textile industry.

Recently, we had a few customers from Kashmir visit our store, Sundari Sarees. They were looking for Pashmina sarees for a special occasion and mentioned how much they missed their beautiful sarees due to their relocation from Kashmir to another city. Our conversation made us delve deeper into the origins of  Handwoven Pashmina Sarees and the need for us to recognize our rich heritage.



Pashmina: The Fabric of Royalty 

Do you know where the word Pashmina came from? The word "Pashmina" comes from the Persian word "Pashm," which means wool. Pashmina is a type of cashmere wool obtained from the undercoat of the Changthangi goat. After a rigorous manufacturing process, Pashmina Sarees are produced with a soft texture and luxurious feel.

Kashmiri Embroidery: A Testament to Craftsmanship

What makes Kashmiri Sarees so delicate and classic is their Embroidery work, which reflects the natural beauty of Kashmir. This embroidery, also known as ‘Kashida,’ features motifs inspired by the region’s exquisite flora and fauna, including delicate flowers, graceful leaves, and charming birds. The patterns, often woven using silk or cotton threads, create stunning contrasts against the soft Pashmina fabric. Each piece of Kashmiri Embroidery Sarees is truly a work of art, showcasing the artisans remarkable skill and unwavering dedication.

Variety of Kashmiri Sarees

  1. Pashmina Sarees: These Sarees are cherished for their lightweight, soft texture, and exceptional warmth, making them perfect for formal occasions and weddings. The elegance and craftsmanship of Pashmina sarees make them a symbol of luxury and sophistication, adding a touch of refinement to any special occasion. 
  2. Kashmiri Silk Sarees: These Sarees are crafted from high-quality silk and are renowned for their exquisite embroidery, glossy finish, and elegant appeal. They look unique because of their motifs which include flowers, leaves, and birds. The luxurious quality and the beauty of Kashmiri Silk Sarees make them a perfect choice for special occasions and formal events.

          3. Kani Sarees: These sarees are crafted from the finest silk, which is produced by the silkworms of the region, then dyed in vibrant colours. Kani weaving, which began centuries ago in Kashmir's scenic valleys, has greatly influenced the region's history, economy, and culture. Each Kani saree is a work of art, featuring nature-inspired themes, Persian patterns, and detailed geometric designs that highlight Kashmiri heritage. Single Kani Saree is a masterpiece because of the detailing of kani work, which takes months to complete.

    4.Jamawar Sarees: These sarees are Characterised by intricate paisley and floral motifs, and are made using a blend of wool and silk. Typically, the base is wool, with silk and cotton woven in for embellishment. Known for its vibrant colours and motifs, the finished weave is highly iridescent. One of Jamawar's unique features is that both sides of the fabric look identical, with no loose threads visible. Traditionally, a single Jamawar piece could include up to 50 different hues, with common colours being white, black, turquoise, crimson, violet, and many more.

        The History of Punjabi Phulkari Sarees

        Origins and Evolution

        Phulkari, meaning 'flower work,' is a traditional embroidery technique from Punjab. The origins of Phulkari Sarees can be traced back to the 15th century, with references found in Punjabi folklore and literature. This art form was traditionally practised by women in rural Punjab, who created intricate floral patterns on shawls and odhnis as a part of their dowry.


        Phulkari: The Embroidery

        Phulkari Sarees are known for their vibrant and colourful embroidery, which is done using thick, untwisted silk threads called 'Pat.' The embroidery is characterised by its geometric patterns and motifs, which are meticulously hand-stitched onto the fabric. Phulkari was traditionally done on homespun khadi fabric, but today it is also found on various other fabrics like georgette, chiffon, and silk.

        Variety of Phulkari Sarees

        1. Bagh Phulkari: 'Bagh' means garden, and these sarees are covered entirely with embroidery, leaving very little of the base fabric visible. They are considered very auspicious and are often worn during weddings and festivals.
              2. Chope Phulkari: These sarees are given to a bride by her maternal grandmother and are embroidered on both sides of the fabric, making them a special part of wedding traditions.
        3.Til Patra Phulkari: These sarees feature sparse embroidery, with small motifs scattered across the fabric, giving them a delicate and elegant appearance.
        4.Sainchi Phulkari: This style of Phulkari depicts everyday scenes and motifs from rural life, making them unique and storytelling pieces.

          The Craftsmanship and Techniques

          Handwoven Pashmina

          Creating a Handwoven Pashmina saree involves a labour-intensive process that starts with collecting the wool during the moulting season. The wool is then cleaned, spun into yarn, and woven into fabric using traditional handlooms. The entire process requires exceptional skill and patience, as the threads are extremely delicate and need careful handling.

          Kashmiri Embroidery

          Kashmiri Embroidery Sarees are embellished using a variety of stitches, including satin stitch, chain stitch, and the long and short stitch. The embroidery is often done freehand, without any pre-drawn patterns, showcasing the artisans' creativity and expertise. The use of vibrant colours and intricate designs makes these sarees stand out and adds a touch of opulence to any outfit.

          Phulkari Embroidery

          Phulkari embroidery is done on the reverse side of the fabric, allowing the stitches to create a raised effect on the front. The motifs are usually geometric and symmetrical, with flowers, leaves, and other natural elements being the most common designs. The vibrant and bold colours used in Phulkari make these sarees visually striking and perfect for festive occasions.

          The Modern Appeal of Traditional Sarees

          In today's fashion landscape, traditional Indian textiles like Pashmina Sarees and Phulkari Sarees have gained immense popularity not just in India but across the globe. These sarees are celebrated for their timeless appeal and versatility, making them a favourite among fashion enthusiasts and celebrities alike.

          Why Choose Pashmina and Phulkari Sarees?

          1. Elegance and Luxury: The luxurious feel of Handwoven Pashmina and the vibrant beauty of Phulkari Sarees Make them perfect for any special occasion, from weddings to festive celebrations.
          2. Craftsmanship: The intricate craftsmanship involved in creating these sarees makes each piece unique and a testament to the rich cultural heritage of India.
          3. Versatility: These sarees can be styled in various ways to suit different occasions, whether you are looking for a traditional or a contemporary look.
          4. Comfort: The use of high-quality natural fibres ensures that these sarees are not only beautiful but also comfortable to wear.

          Where to Buy Pashmina and Phulkari Sarees

          With the growing popularity of Indian ethnic wear, many online platforms offer a wide range of Pashmina Sarees Online and Phulkari Sarees Online. It is essential to choose a trusted seller to ensure the authenticity and quality of the sarees. Sundari Sarees is one such platform where you can find an extensive collection of authentic Pashmina and Phulkari sarees.


          The rich textile traditions of Kashmir and Punjab offer some of the most beautiful and exquisite sarees in the world. From the luxurious Pashmina Sarees with their delicate Kashmiri Embroidery to the vibrant and colourful Phulkari Sarees, these pieces of art are a testament to the skilled craftsmanship and cultural heritage of India. By choosing these sarees, you not only add elegance and sophistication to your wardrobe but also support the artisans who have dedicated their lives to preserving these traditional techniques.

          So, whether you are looking for Handwoven Pashmina, Kashmiri Embroidery Sarees, or Phulkari Sarees, make sure to explore the wide range available online and bring home a piece of India's rich textile heritage. Sundari Sarees offers a curated selection of these exquisite sarees, ensuring you receive only the finest quality and craftsmanship.